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Memahami Metrik Periklanan Digital: CPC, CPM, CPA, CTR, CPV, CPI, dan CPL

  • May 18, 2024

In the ever-evolving landscape of digital marketing, understanding key advertising metrics is crucial for optimizing campaigns and achieving business goals. Terms like CPC, CPM, CPA, CTR, CPV, CPI, and CPL are frequently used but can be confusing for those new to the field. This article aims to demystify these metrics, explaining what they mean, how they are used, and how they impact your marketing strategy.

Cost Per Click (CPC)

Definition: CPC is the amount an advertiser pays each time a user clicks on their ad.

Usage: CPC is commonly used in search engine advertising (such as Google Ads) and social media platforms. It is ideal for driving traffic to a website or landing page.

Example: If you spend $100 on a campaign and receive 50 clicks, your CPC is $2.

Why It Matters: CPC helps advertisers understand the cost-effectiveness of their campaigns in generating traffic. It is a key metric for campaigns focused on increasing website visits.

Cost Per Mille (CPM)

Definition: CPM stands for "cost per thousand impressions." It refers to the price of 1,000 ad impressions.

Usage: CPM is typically used in display advertising, where the goal is to increase brand visibility.

Example: If you pay $5 CPM, you pay $5 for every 1,000 impressions your ad receives.

Why It Matters: CPM is useful for brand awareness campaigns, allowing advertisers to measure how many people are seeing their ads.

Cost Per Acquisition (CPA)

Definition: CPA is the cost incurred when a specific action, such as a purchase or sign-up, is completed.

Usage: CPA is ideal for performance-based advertising, where conversions are the primary goal.

Example: If you spend $200 to acquire 10 customers, your CPA is $20.

Why It Matters: CPA provides a clear picture of the cost-effectiveness of your campaign in driving valuable actions, helping optimize for better ROI.

Click-Through Rate (CTR)

Definition: CTR is the percentage of people who click on your ad after seeing it.

Formula: CTR=(ClicksImpressions)×100CTR=(ImpressionsClicks)×100

Usage: CTR measures ad effectiveness in generating clicks and is used across various digital ad formats.

Example: If your ad gets 100 clicks from 10,000 impressions, your CTR is 1%.

Why It Matters: A higher CTR indicates a compelling ad that resonates with viewers, leading to more traffic and potential conversions.

Cost Per View (CPV)

Definition: CPV is the amount an advertiser pays for each view of their video ad.

Usage: CPV is predominantly used in video advertising, such as on YouTube.

Example: If you spend $100 for 1,000 views, your CPV is $0.10.

Why It Matters: CPV helps measure the cost-effectiveness of video ad campaigns, which are critical for engaging and informing audiences.

Cost Per Install (CPI)

Definition: CPI is the cost an advertiser pays when a user installs their mobile app.

Usage: CPI is essential in mobile app marketing to gauge the efficiency of app install campaigns.

Example: If you spend $500 to get 100 installs, your CPI is $5.

Why It Matters: CPI is crucial for understanding the cost of acquiring new app users, a vital metric for app developers and marketers.

Cost Per Lead (CPL)

Definition: CPL is the amount an advertiser pays to acquire a lead, such as contact information from a potential customer.

Usage: CPL is used in campaigns aimed at generating leads for sales teams to follow up on.

Example: If you spend $300 to acquire 30 leads, your CPL is $10.

Why It Matters: CPL allows marketers to measure the cost-effectiveness of their lead generation efforts, critical for campaigns focused on building a sales pipeline.


Understanding these metrics—CPC, CPM, CPA, CTR, CPV, CPI, and CPL—empowers advertisers to better manage and optimize their campaigns. Here’s a quick recap:

CPCCost per ClickDrive traffic to a site$100 for 50 clicks = $2 CPC
CPMCost per Mille (thousand impressions)Increase brand visibility$5 for 1,000 impressions = $5 CPM
CPACost per AcquisitionFocus on conversions$200 for 10 acquisitions = $20 CPA
CTRClick-Through RateMeasure ad effectiveness100 clicks from 10,000 impressions = 1% CTR
CPVCost per ViewGauge video ad efficiency$100 for 1,000 views = $0.10 CPV
CPICost per InstallEvaluate app install campaigns$500 for 100 installs = $5 CPI
CPLCost per LeadLead generation cost$300 for 30 leads = $10 CPL

Each metric offers unique insights and advantages, helping advertisers tailor their strategies to achieve specific marketing objectives. By leveraging these metrics effectively, businesses can enhance their online presence, engage their audience, and maximize their return on investment.

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